According to a recent study, 40% of heat-related deaths in the US happened to people over 65 years of age. Older adults should be more careful of overheating as their bodies can't cope up with excessive heat and they are likely to get dehydrated. Chronic medical conditions and prescription medicines affect their body's ability to respond to heat and regulate the temperature.
Drink Water Elderly people are more likely to get dehydrated during summer as their body loses the ability to conserve water. They can't adjust to the temperature changes and also forget to have water at short intervals which is very important.
Consult Doctors They need to check with doctors that the medications they are on is not affected by high temperatures especially if there is no air-conditioning at home. Some medicines are not very effective in high temperatures. They should also seek their advice on preventable medical condition which can be aggravated due to high temperatures.
Appropriate Dressing Elderly people should wear lighter cloths during summer. Natural fabrics such as cotton are much better than synthetic fibers as it is much cooler and comfortable.
Protection of EyesElderly people must wear sunglasses to protect their eyes from the sun. The rays coming from the sun may irritate and harm their eyes. Wearing sunglasses will protect the eyes from UV rays which are harmful to eyes.
Avoid HyperthermiaExcessive body temperatures during summers must be avoided. Excessive heating of body is a condition known as hyperthermia. Some of the symptoms of hyperthermia are:
Wear Hats and Use Sunscreen Sunscreen should be worn when going out. It protects the skin and prevents it from getting tanned. Wearing hats will protect your head from graying and loss of hair.
Socialize with Neighbors Elderly people must meet the neighbors who are their age to find out how they maintain themselves during summer. They can seek their advice regarding diet, health and social activities during summer.
Right Exercise If elderly people are fond of outdoor activities and exercises, they need to make sure that they have the right clothing and protective gear with them. They should consult their gym instructors for those exercises which are not very strenuous. They should take care of the adequate amount of liquid intake which is very important especially during summer.
Emergency Contacts Save the important contact numbers or the number of those who you would like to call during an emergency on your speed dial list. It will make things easier for you as you will be given help without any delay.
Cooling Arrangements Make sure the home has proper cooling arrangements to avoid overheating. Air-conditioning is must and the temperature can be adjusted as per the needs of elderly people.
The tips mentioned above will definitely ensure a healthier and happier summer to the elderly people.