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Does Winter Affect Blood Pressure in Older Adults?

Feb 17, 2023

Care for Seniors

Does Winter Affect Blood Pressure in Older Adults?

Blood pressure fluctuations during winter are a common issue in the elderly population, where colder temperatures can lead to increased blood pressure. The body may release hormones that cause a further rise in blood pressure, and older people may be more susceptible due to changes in cardiovascular health with age.

According to recent statistics, around 1 in 3 adults in the United States suffer from high blood pressure (hypertension), and 7 out of 10 people with high blood pressure are taking medication, but only half have it under control. Also, African Americans are more likely to develop high blood pressure, which generally increases with age.

It's essential for the elderly to monitor their blood pressure regularly and to discuss any changes with their healthcare provider. They can also reduce their risk of high blood pressure by making lifestyle changes such as regular exercise, a healthy diet, stress management, and limiting salt and alcohol intake. Medication may be necessary in cases of severe fluctuation to keep blood pressure levels stable.

What is High Blood Pressure?

High blood pressure is a condition in which the force of blood against the walls of the arteries is consistently too high. It is measured as systolic pressure (when the heart beats) over diastolic pressure (when the heart is at rest between beats). Normal blood pressure is usually around 120/80 mmHg.

Causes and Symptoms of Blood Pressure

Causes of High Blood Pressure

Significant factors that trigger high blood pressure are:

  • Obesity
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • An unhealthy diet high in salt
  • Chronic stress
  • Smoking
  • Alcohol consumption
  • Certain medical conditions (e.g., diabetes, kidney disease)

Symptoms of High Blood Pressure

Typically, high blood pressure has no symptoms (also known as "silent killer")

Some people may experience:

  • Headaches
  • Shortness of breath
  • Nausea
  • Blurred vision
  • Chest pain
  • Nosebleeds
  • Blood in the urine
  • Rapid or irregular heartbeat
  • Whole body palpitations

It is important to note that many people with high blood pressure do not have any symptoms, which can only be detected through regular blood pressure monitoring. If you experience any of the above symptoms, it is recommended to see a doctor for proper evaluation and treatment.

How Does Winter Affect the Blood Pressure of Senior Adults?

Winter weather can significantly impact the blood pressure of senior adults. Cold temperatures can cause blood vessels to narrow, leading to increased blood pressure. According to research, blood pressure tends to increase during the winter months and decrease during the summer months. 

This fluctuation in blood pressure can be particularly dangerous for older adults with high blood pressure, as it can increase their risk of cardiovascular events such as heart attack and stroke. According to the World Health Organization, cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in older adults, accounting for over 30% of deaths in this population.

Seasonal Variations in Blood Pressure

Blood pressure tends to fluctuate throughout the year in response to changes in temperature, daylight, and other seasonal factors. In general, blood pressure is highest in the winter and lowest in the summer. These variations are usually minor and do not cause significant health problems, but people with hypertension need to monitor their blood pressure during different seasons closely.

It is important to monitor blood pressure regularly and to discuss any changes with a healthcare provider, especially if you are an older adult or have a history of high blood pressure. Making lifestyle changes such as staying active, eating a healthy diet, and managing stress can help reduce the risk of high blood pressure and its associated complications.

How to Help Older Adults Monitor Their Blood Pressure in Winter?

There are several ways to help older adults monitor their blood pressure during the winter months:

Regular Check-ups 

Encourage older adults to schedule regular blood pressure check-ups with their healthcare provider, especially during the winter when blood pressure may fluctuate.

Home Monitoring

Provide or encourage older adults to purchase a reliable home blood pressure monitoring device to monitor their blood pressure regularly. They should be trained on the proper technique for taking their blood pressure and should report any significant changes to their healthcare provider.

Lifestyle Changes

Encourage older adults to make healthy lifestyle changes that can help reduce the risk of high blood pressure, such as exercising regularly, eating a healthy diet, and managing stress.

Medication and Safety Care

If an older adult is taking medication and safety care for high blood pressure, it is important to ensure they take it as directed and to discuss any changes in their blood pressure with their healthcare provider.


Educate older adults about the importance of monitoring their blood pressure and the potential consequences of untreated high blood pressure.

By taking these steps, older adults can stay informed about their blood pressure and work with their healthcare provider to maintain healthy levels, even during winter.

See Also: Common Health Problems That Can Hit After a Certain Age

How Caregivers Can Help Older Adults in Winters

Caregivers can play a crucial role in helping older adults maintain their health and well-being during the winter months. Here are some ways that caregivers can help:

Keep Them Warm

Ensure that older adults are dressed appropriately for the weather and that their living spaces are properly heated. Cold temperatures can exacerbate medical conditions and increase the risk of falls and injuries.

Encourage Physical Activity 

Encourage older adults to stay active during winter, even if it means doing indoor exercises or taking short walks. Exercise can help improve circulation and reduce the risk of high blood pressure.

Monitor Their Health

Help older adults monitor their blood pressure, blood sugar levels, and other important health indicators, and report any changes to their healthcare provider.

Provide Nutritious Meals 

Ensure that older adults have access to nutritious meals that can help boost their immune systems and keep them healthy during the winter.

Promote Social Engagement 

Encourage older adults to stay socially engaged, whether through in-person visits, phone calls, or video chats. Loneliness and isolation can negatively impact mental and physical health.

Keep Them Safe 

Help older adults stay safe during winter weather by clearing sidewalks and driveways of snow and ice and providing assistance with transportation.

By taking these steps, caregivers can help older adults maintain their health and well-being during the winter and reduce their risk of health complications.

Looking for Quality In-Home Care Services? Contact Newport Home Care!

If you're looking for high-quality care for your senior loved ones, look no further than Newport Home Care. Our team of experienced and compassionate caregivers is dedicated to providing the support and assistance older adults need to live their best life, no matter what the season brings. 

Whether it's helping with daily activities, managing medication, or providing support for a chronic condition, our team has the expertise to meet the needs of older adults and their families. Don't let the challenges of winter leave you feeling overwhelmed. Contact us today to learn more about the many benefits of Newport Home Care. Together, we can ensure that older adults receive the care and support they deserve, even during the winter.

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